a definition of formalism

Term for any approach to the arts, whether theoretical, critical or historical, that emphasizes the autonomy or primacy of formal qualities. In the case of painting, these qualities are usually understood to be compositional elements such as line, value, colour and texture: they can be distinguished from technique on the one hand and content on the other.  read full description

a definition of abstraction

Term used in an art context in several ways: in general for processes of imagemaking in which only some of the visual elements usually ascribed to ‘the natural world’ are extracted i.e. ‘to abstract’, and also for the description of certain works that fall only partially, if at all, into what is commonly understood to be representational.  MOMA defines the term Abstraction read full description

via Abstract Critical.